【Abstract】 The main purpose of this study was to explore and understand women's labor force participation and employment profiles of Taichung City, Taiwan. The interaction of women’s family responsibilities and their career development, the support of workplace friendly measures, and their needs of child care and elderly care were also examined.Another survey for understanding companies’ strategies of searching and employing women workers and their support measures for helping employees to balance work and family was also conducted during the research period.In only eight months of the study period (2014.4-2014.11), this research obtained data through telephone interviews and collected 1,068valid questionnaires from women interviewees. For the companies and workplaces, this research used mailing questionnaires and telephone interviews and obtained 1,070 valid questionnaires. During the period of August to November, 2014, we also conducted four focus group discussions (including unemployed women, working women, professionals in employment services and vocational training, and representatives from private companies) and 11 in-depth interviews (including government officials, experts and scholars, the chief of human resource of large institutions and the directors of non-profit organizations ). The results of quantitative data of women’s labor force participation and the interaction of women’s work and family responsibilities are illustrated in Chapter 4. The analysis of companies and workplaces’ questionnaires and the findings are showed in Chapter 5. The qualitative data analysis and findings of women's focus groups and the representatives of companies are demonstrated in Chapter 6 and 7,respectively. The interaction of women’s labor force participation behavior and their family responsibilities, their needs of child care and elderly care is demonstrated in Chapter 8. Finally, conclusions, policy implications and recommendations of this study are written in Chapter 9.